2022/05/25 更新

マスイ ヒロカズ
増井 博一
MASUI Hirokazu
Scopus 論文情報  
総論文数: 0  総Citation: 0  h-index: 7

Citation Countは当該年に発表した論文の被引用数

所属
大学院工学研究院 宇宙システム工学研究系
職名
助教
外部リンク

研究キーワード

  • 宇宙環境

  • 超小型衛星

  • 環境試験

  • 電気推進機

出身学校

  • 2001年03月   九州工業大学   工学部   機械知能工学科   卒業   日本国

出身大学院

  • 2006年03月   九州大学   総合理工学研究科   先端エネルギー理工学専攻   博士課程・博士後期課程   修了   日本国

取得学位

  • 九州大学  -  博士(工学)   2006年03月

学内職務経歴

  • 2019年04月 - 現在   九州工業大学   大学院工学研究院   宇宙システム工学研究系     助教

  • 2014年04月 - 2019年03月   九州工業大学   大学院工学研究院   先端機能システム工学研究系     助教

  • 2010年08月 - 2014年03月   九州工業大学   宇宙環境技術ラボラトリー     助教

所属学会・委員会

  • 2013年07月 - 現在   プラズマ・核融合学会   日本国

  • 2004年04月 - 現在   日本航空宇宙学会   日本国

研究経歴

  • 超小型衛星の開発と環境試験

    超小型衛星,環境試験,試験標準

    研究期間: 2010年04月  -  現在

  • 宇宙機の帯電,放電に関する地上試験

    宇宙プラズマ,ESD,帯電,太陽電池

    研究期間: 2006年04月  -  2010年03月

論文

  • Horyu-VI: International cubesat mission to investigate lunar horizon glow 査読有り

    Orger N.C., Cho M., Iskender O.B., Lim W.S., Chandran A., Ling K.V., Holden K.H.L., Chow C.L., Bellardo J., Faure P., Santoni F., Circi C., Marzioli P., de Grossi F., Frezza L., Toyoda K., Masui H., Mariko T., Alarcon J.R.C., Yamauchi T., Kim S., Lim J.W.M., Potrivitu G., Laterza M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2020-October   2020年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2020 by International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. Interaction with the solar wind and UV/X-ray irradiation can cause the lunar dust to be electrostatically charged and mobilized all around the Moon, and light scattering by this dust cloud can be observed over the lunar terminator. This phenomenon, which has also been called the lunar horizon glow (LHG), still remains unexplained. The LHG observations using conventional lunar probes have limited observation opportunities and do not cover varying space weather conditions in cislunar environment such as strong upstream plasma flow and micrometeoroid flux that could enhance the lunar dust presence in the exosphere. The nanosatellite “HORYU-6” specialized in LHG observations will be put into lunar orbit to detect the light scattering above the lunar terminator. The proposed payload will perform multi-spectral imaging to monitor the lunar horizon several minutes before orbital sunrise or after orbital sunset for light scattering analysis. We show that we can obtain scientific results of lunar and planetary exploration using CubeSat at low cost and in a short period of time, and contribute to the development of lunar and planetary exploration in the future. The spacecraft will be developed jointly with universities in Singapore, the United States and Italy under the supervision of Kyushu Institute of Technology, with the aim of launching the SLS-2 rocket in the second half of 2022. Together with its own scientific objectives, the HORYU-6 mission will demonstrate the low thrust trajectory optimization by utilizing electric propulsion system together with other novel embedded technology demonstrations such as atomic clock, deep space navigation and communication with CubeSats.

    Scopus

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  • Cubesat interface standardization to achieve faster delivery and mission success 査読有り

    Cho M., Yamauchi T., Sejera M., Kim S., Masui H.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2020-October   2020年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2020 by Mengu Cho. In 2019, a new project to standardize the CubeSat interface started. Discussion has been made utilizing various gathering opportunities of the CubeSat community. A survey on the CubeSat interface has been distributed the CubeSat community to collect the satellite developers' experience and desires regarding the interface, and the CubeSat vendors' reality and desires. A research work to identify the difficulties associated integrating CubeSat components from different vendors is on-going. Initial finding suggests that clear definition of interface related information, especially the digital data communication, in the user manual is really needed. A table of content of the standard has been drafted, which is mainly made of four parts. (1) Interface among components, (2) Interface between CubeSat bus (platform) and mission payloads, (3) Document specification to describe the information related to component interface, (4)Document specification to describe the information related to CubeSat bus (platform) interface. The project aims at submitting a new work item proposal to ISO/TC20/SC14 in summer 2021 and publish the standard by 2024.

    Scopus

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  • AOBA VELOX-IV: 2U CubeSat for the technological demonstration of lunar horizon glow mission 査読有り

    Kim S., Orger N., Cordova-Alarcon J., Hernandez-Herrera M., Masui H., Yamauchi T., Toyoda K., Cho M., Duy Vu B., Vinh T., Seng L., Hiang C.

    Acta Astronautica   161   328 - 337   2019年08月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    © 2019 IAA AOBA VELOX-IV is a 2U-sized CubeSat that has been developed by the Kyushu Institute of Technology and Nanyang Technological University for the technological demonstration of a future lunar mission. Decades ago, Surveyor and Apollo programs reported light scattering observations on the horizon of the Moon; however, only a limited number of investigations were performed after the Apollo program to observe the lunar horizon glow (LHG). It is still unknown what conditions produce the light glow on the horizon of the Moon. The lunar mission of the AOBA VELOX project is planning to send CubeSats to the Moon and to capture images of the LHG on the lunar orbit while determining the conditions that can support light scattering above the lunar horizon. Before the satellites go into the lunar orbit, the necessary technologies must first be confirmed in Earth orbit. AOBA VELOX-IV was launched to low earth orbit via a JAXA Epsilon rocket in 18th January 2019. This paper explains the LHG mission first, and presents an overview of AOBA VELOX-IV, its payloads, technical issues, and the flight model.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2019.05.046

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  • CubeSat bus interface with Complex Programmable Logic Device 査読有り

    Tumenjargal T., Kim S., Masui H., Cho M.

    Acta Astronautica   160   331 - 342   2019年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    © 2019 IAA A standardized interface for different CubeSat missions is one of the keys to reducing costs and delivery time. A backplane interface approach, proposed by the University of Würzburg in Germany as UWE-3, was implemented in three CubeSat projects at the Kyushu Institute of Technology (Kyutech) to shorten the development and assembly times. The backplane approach also helped to reduce the risk of workmanship errors associated with the harness. However, changes to the proposed standard interface board were necessary in every CubeSat project, to comply with the mission requirements. To obtain more flexibility, especially for data connections, this work introduces a novel idea of a software-configurable bus interface with a backplane board. A Complex Programmable Logic Device (CPLD) was used instead of hardware routing so that we can reconfigure the bus interface by reprogramming the CPLD. The concept was validated by a functional test with a breadboard module. A radiation test verified that the selected CPLD has enough strength to survive total ionization doses of more than 2 years in low Earth orbit. A new backplane board with CPLD has been integrated into the engineering model of the fourth CubeSat project at Kyutech, the BIRDS-3 project, and system level verification has been conducted.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2019.04.047

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  • Demonstration of lean satellite (1U CubeSat) testing using PeTT vacuum chamber 査読有り

    Bonsu B., Masui H., Cho M.

    Proceedings of 9th International Conference on Recent Advances in Space Technologies, RAST 2019   959 - 966   2019年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    © 2019 IEEE. There has been a high demand for low-cost thermal vacuum testing facility for Lean satellite (1U CubeSat) program in emerging space economies. Most often, CubeSat testing is performed in a complex and expensive thermal vacuum chamber equipped with for example shroud filled liquid nitrogen (boiling point is-195.7oC) for simulating the cold temperature environment as close to the cold heat sink of outer space in a simulated low pressure (>10-3 Pa) chamber environment. This paper introduces PeTT vacuum chamber as a low cost and easy access testing facility suitable for simulating cold temperature plateaus for performing a functional test of the internal subsystems of Lean satellite (1U CubeSat) functional test. Under ISO 19683: 'Design Qualification and Acceptance Test of Spacecraft and Units', the test requirement for cold temperature plateau is equal to-or more than-15oC. The PeTT vacuum chamber has been developed to achieve ISO 19683 test requirements. The PeTT vacuum chamber consists of a Peltier cooling device integrated inside a vacuum chamber. The Peltier cooling device consists of 4multi-stage Peltier elements sandwiched in-between a copper surface plate and water cooler has a mass of 3.4kg and size 152mm length × 127mm width × 40 mm height. The Peltier cooling device is targeted for performing 1U Cubesat functional test by conduction heat transfer. The Peltier cooling device has a total maximum exchange heat capability of 400W which runs by water cooling system and varying DC power supply. The vacuum chamber has an inner diameter of 55cm equipped with a rotary pump and diffusion pump to achieve a low pressure around 10-4 Pa. The main goal of this paper is to provide low cost and easy access testing technique for space activities in emerging space economies especially universities space research and development laboratories, to build their capacity in the installation and operation of a thermal vacuum testing facility. This paper provides details of the design and development of the PeTT vacuum chamber, cost, and results for testing 1U dummy CubeSat.

    DOI: 10.1109/RAST.2019.8767775

    Scopus

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  • Experimental investigation on silica dust lofting due to charging within micro-cavities and surface electric field in the vacuum chamber 査読有り

    Orger N., Toyoda K., Masui H., Cho M.

    Advances in Space Research   63 ( 10 )   3270 - 3288   2019年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    © 2019 COSPAR The charged dust particles can be mobilized electrostatically by the repulsion between the adjacent grains and the surface electric field due to the incoming electron current and the charge accumulation within the micro-cavities. In this study, the experimental results of the initial vertical launching velocities and the maximum dust heights are compared with the estimated values for the lofted spherical dust grains by the patch surface charging equations. Silica particles with the sizes between <6 and 45 µm in radius are loaded on a graphite plate, and they are exposed to the electron beam with 450 eV energy under 4 × 10 −3 Pa vacuum chamber pressure. During the first set of the experiments, the dust samples are tested without an initial compression process and an additional horizontal electric field. Second, the dust samples are compressed by two different weights in order to increase the packing density under approximately 780.7 Pa and 3780 Pa. Finally, the dust grains are placed between the two parallel aluminum plates to apply approximately 2000 V/m and 4800 V/m horizontal electric field. A high-speed camera is used to record the transportation of the dust grains together with a microscopic telescope, and the results point out that the patch surface dust-charging model estimations are in agreement with the first experiments. On the other hand, the dust particles from the compressed samples are lofted with higher velocities than the estimations, and the number of the dust lofting observations decreases significantly, which demonstrates the importance of the micro-cavities and the increased charging requirement to overcome the contact forces. When the horizontal electric field is present, the initial vertical launching velocities are measured to be lower than the other experiments, which can be attributed to the decreased charging requirement for the dust lofting as a result of inter-particle collisions and rolling motion. According to the experimental results, the electrostatic dust transportation can be controlled not only by the ambient plasma and the solar irradiation on the airless planetary bodies, but also by the surface properties such as the contact surfaces between the dust grains, the number of the micro-cavities related to the packing density, and the presence of the horizontal electric field contributing to the external forces by other particle motions.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.01.045

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  • Design, Analysis and Testing of Monopole Antenna Deployment Mechanism for BIRDS-2 CubeSat Applications 査読有り

    Zaki S., Azami M., Yamauchi T., Kim S., Masui H., Cho M.

    Journal of Physics: Conference Series   1152 ( 1 )   2019年03月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. This paper presents an approach to design a feasible and reliable monopole antennae deployment mechanism for CubeSat applications. Nano-satellite has faced problems in designing antennae deployment system due to space and deployment mechanism constraints. In BIRDS-2 CubeSat, the nichrome wire burning release mechanism was used when activated, it will be heated up and thermally cut through fishing line, allowing the two monopole antennas to be deployed on +Y board and at +Z axis direction of the satellite. These antennae involved amateur radio frequencies in UHF and VHF bands due to its low cost and high accessibility by the end users. The UHF frequency band was used for command uplink, mission, telemetry, and CW beacon downlink whilst the VHF frequency band was used specifically for APRS-DP/S&F-RDC mission for both uplink and downlink. In order to achieve the effectiveness of the BIRDS-2 CubeSat communication system agreed with the link budget estimation, the dimensions of antennae on the CubeSat structure depend on the required gain and operating frequency. The paper discusses detailed results of mechanical and electrical interfaces of the two monopole antennas deployment mechanism with the satellite body and the nichrome wire burning release mechanism analysis. The tests results of the mechanism were analyzed particularly on the deployment time and the nichrome wire temperature differences.

    DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1152/1/012007

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  • BIRDS-2: A Constellation of Joint Global Multi-Nation 1U CubeSats 査読有り

    Azami M., Maeda G., Faure P., Yamauchi T., Kim S., Masui H., Cho M.

    Journal of Physics: Conference Series   1152 ( 1 )   2019年03月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd. BIRDS-2, the second generation of the Joint Global Multi-Nation Birds (JGMNB) project is a constellation of 1U CubeSats from Laboratory of Spacecraft Environment Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE), Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan. The BIRDS-2 project consists of three identical 1U built by a group of students from four nations; Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, and Bhutan. It consists of 6 missions; Camera, Automatic Radio Packet Service-Digipeater (APRS-DP), Store and Forward (S&F), COTS GPS, Anisotropic Magneto Resistance Magnetometer (AMR-MM), and detection of single-event latch-up (SEL). The objective of BIRDS-2 is to provide an opportunity to learn the entire satellite system cycle, to lay down the foundation of the sustainable space program, and to create international networks of the ground station to assist the infant space program of the participating country. A total of 11 members learns the satellite development in a lean concept of 30m radius of the work area. The paper will describe the bus system of the BIRDS-2 CubeSats and the development process throughout the one year and three months of the project timeline. Completion of BIRDS-2 flight models remarks the successful design of the CubeSats bus system and waiting for the launch and deploy from International Space Station (ISS) around 3rd quarter of this year.

    DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/1152/1/012008

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  • BIRDS-3 satellite project including the first satellites of Sri Lanka and Nepal 査読有り

    Chamika W.D., Cho M., Maeda G., Kim S., Masui H., Yamauchi T., Panawannege S., Shrestha S.B.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2019-October   2019年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2019 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. The Joint Global Multi-National Birds also known as BIRDS, is a multinational small satellite program led by Kyushu Institute of Technology (Japan). BIRDS program gives opportunity to non-space fairing nations to design, integrate, build, test, launch and operate their nation's first satellite. This paper focuses on BIRDS-3 which is the third batch under BIRDS program. BIRDS-3 is a constellation of three 1U CubeSats belonging to Japan (Uguisu), Nepal (NepaliSat-1: Nepal's first satellite) and Sri Lanka (Raavana-1: Sri Lanka's first satellite). BIRDS-3 has two members (students) from Nepal, three from Japan, and two from Sri Lanka and one from Bhutan. These students have been enrolled in Space Engineering International Course (SEIC) in Kyushu Institute of Technology. External dimensions of one satellite is 113.5mm x 100mm x 100mm and the weight is approximately 1.05kg. This constellation executes four missions: Imaging Mission (CAM), Attitude Determination and Control System mission (ADCS), LoRa Demonstration Mission (LDM), Software Configurable Backplane Board Mission (BPB). The CubeSats were deployed to the orbit on 17th June 2019 from International Space Station (ISS). After deployment CubeSats are being operated through BIRDS ground station network. This paper describes the background, missions, stakeholders and initial operational results after the deployment from International Space Station (ISS).

    Scopus

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  • How seven emerging nations entered the space age via BIRDS Projects 1 through 4 査読有り

    Maeda G., Cho M., Masui H., Kim S., Yamauchi T.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2019-October   2019年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2019 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. Operating on the basis that "one cannot learn how to build satellites by reading books", Kyushu Institute of Technology (Kyutech) launched its BIRDS Project in 2015 with Ghana, Bangladesh, Mongolia, Nigeria, and Japan. The main purpose was to help most of them launch their first satellites, and then somehow make satellite development sustainable in their own countries after the return of their students. Subsequently, Kyutech started BIRDS-2 in 2016, BIRDS-3 in 2017, and BIRDS-4 in 2018, involving the nations of Bhutan, Malaysia, Philippines, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and Paraguay. BIRDS-5 will start in October of 2019. In this paper we discuss the various capacity building results in these countries. We believe the seeds have been sown in these countries for sustained national space development via the activities of launching their first satellites - a crucial step. The seven nations who did (or are doing) their first satellites are: (1) Ghana, (2) Bangladesh, (3) Mongolia, (4) Bhutan, (5) Nepal, (6) Sri Lanka, and (7) Paraguay. Every nation participating in BIRDS pays its own way - there are no subsidies from Japan. They end up with their first space borne satellites but much more importantly they have engineers who know how to build a CubeSat.

    Scopus

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  • Ionosphere observation and 3D mapping mission via CubeSat constellation; in-orbit operation results of the SPATIUM-I CubeSat 査読有り

    Aheieva K., Rahmatillah R., Ninagawa R., Adebolu I.O., Kim S., Kakimoto Y., Nakayama D., Kishimoto M., Elmegharbel H.A., Yamauchi T., Masui H., Cho M., Lap C.C., Ying Z., Siu T.M., Holden L.K.H.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2019-October   2019年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2019 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. This paper will describe the progress in the SPATIUM satellite project, developed to do the global three-dimensional ionosphere mapping via CubeSat constellation equipped with an atomic clock and will show the result of the on-orbit operation of about 1 year of the first path-finder satellite SPATIUM-I. The SPATIUM-I satellite, launched in October 2018, validated the key technologies that are based on the clock-signal phase-shift sent from the satellite carried Chip-Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC). The satellite did the on-orbit demonstration of Chip Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC) as well as the evaluation of the signal time delay due to ionosphere and atmosphere. SPATIUM-I satellite on-orbit operation results will be presented. Knowing the precise satellite location and the signal delay from each satellite that transmits the signal with two UHF frequencies, by solving the inverse problem we can derive the ionosphere density and atmosphere water vapor. This data can be used to improve the accuracy of the earth and space weather forecast. This concept will then be implemented for the evaluation of Ionosphere Observation and Ionosphere 3D mapping via SPATIUM-II and SPATIUM-III projects. The SPATIUM project is under development by the Laboratory of Spacecraft Environmental Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE) of Kyushu Institute of Technology in collaboration with Nanyang Technological University, Singapore.

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  • Project overview of SAPTIUM-I; a technology demonstration mission toward global three-dimensional ionosphere mapping via cubesat constellation equipped with an atomic clock 査読有り

    Aheieva K., Rahmatillah R., Ninagawa R., Adebolu I., Kim S., Kakimoto Y., Yamauchi T., Masui H., Cho M., Lap C., Ying Z., Siu T., Holden L.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2018-October   2018年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2018 by the International Astronautical Federation. Many satellites already measured ionosphere density in LEO region and still this information is not enough to create a global 3D ionosphere map. The ionosphere constantly fluctuates in a global scale, which is a complication in the process of its re-creation. To improve and validate ionosphere numerical models, measurements taken by the individual satellite are used. To measure the total electron content (TEC), and have higher spatial and temporal resolution, higher accuracy and lower cost in comparison to Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), we propose a CubeSat constellation. With 1000 satellites on the different orbital planes in LEO, we can have spatial resolution of 15 km and a temporal resolution of 30 minutes. And the electron density distribution will be known by the solving the inverse problem from many observation provided by the constellation. The first pathfinder satellite, SPATIUM-I, is under development and will be launched in 2018. SPATIUM-I will validate the key technologies that are based on the clock-signal phase-shift sent from the satellite carried Chip-Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC). The project is under development by the Laboratory of Spacecraft Environmental Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE) of Kyushu Institute of Technology in collaboration with Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. This paper will present the status of SPATIUM-I development and the overview of the follow-on projects, SPATIUM-II and SPATIUM-III.

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  • Challenges for CubeSats safety design and verification to do lean satellite development 査読有り

    Cho M., Yamauchi T., Faure P., Kim S., Masui H.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2018-October   2018年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © 2018 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. Every satellite, regardless of its size, mission, value, capability or any other nature, shall comply with safety requirements. This statement applies even to a 1U or less CubeSat. The recent diversity in the CubeSat launch options, however, has brought complication in satellite design and verification. The safety requirements differ among the launch vehicles. The difference is particularly significant between the rocket launch and the ISS release. Satellite developers need to consider how to adapt their design to various safety requirements and how to verify their compliance from the early stage of satellite development, even before they decide on the launch option. Kyushu Institute of Technology (Kyutech) has operated Centre for Nanosatellite Testing (CeNT) in Laboratory of Spacecraft Environment Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE) since 2010. Those satellites that employed commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) CubeSat components available on Internet had many safety-related issues to be resolved. Kyutech itself has developed 12 satellites that were launched by rockets or released from ISS and experienced various issues related to safety. The safety issues encountered by various CubeSats for various launch options are reviewed. How they were resolved with are introduced with suggestions on how to minimize the troubles that delay the satellite delivery time.

    Scopus

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  • Design, development, testing and on-orbit performance results of a low-cost store-and-forward payload onboard a 1u cubesat constellation for remote data collection applications 査読有り

    Salces A., Zaki S., Kim S., Masui H., Cho M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2018-October   2018年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright © 2018 by the International Astronautical Federation. As a technology demonstration mission of the three-member 1U CubeSat constellation of the joint global multi-nation BIRDS-2 Project, the store-and-forward (S&F) mission aims to demonstrate the potential use of a 1U CubeSat constellation for collecting data from ground sensor terminals deployed in remote or isolated sites. The three CubeSats are the first university CubeSats of Bhutan, Malaysia, and the Philippines. Their onboard S&F payloads collect various sensor data from experimental ground terminals deployed in respective home countries. Although a CubeSat constellation is an attractive platform for the said application - due to its substantially simpler design, lower cost, and faster development time - it also presents many technical challenges such as tight size, power, and communication link budgets. In this paper, first, the design considerations and implementation of our onboard S&F payload are discussed. The said payload operates in the VHF amateur band and consists of mostly very low-cost commercial-of-the-shelf components. Sensor data uplink is done at 1200 bps and gathered data downlink at 9600 bps through the UHF communication subsystem. Then, the investigation and test results are presented, including link budget analysis, communication tests, antenna deployment tests, and space environment tests. Finally, the initial on-orbit performance results within one month of satellites' operation in space are tackled.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85065065233&origin=inward

  • Horyu-IV flight results of spacecraft plasma interaction experiments 査読有り

    Fukuda H., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   2018-October   2018年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © 2018 by the International Astronautical Federation (IAF). All rights reserved. HORYU-IV is a 30cm cubic satellite with an approximate mass of 11kg. The satellite was successfully launched by a H-IIA rocket to an orbit of 575km altitude with 31ºinclination on February 17, 2016. Since then, HORYU-IV has been conducting various flight experiments related to spacecraft plasma interaction. HORYU-IV implements HORYU-II, the previous satellite operated from 2012 to 2017, high voltage photovoltaic power generation technology and uses it to perform research on discharge phenomena. HORYU-IV's main mission is to acquire an arc current waveform by an onboard oscilloscope and capture its image by a camera triggered by the oscilloscope. In addition, HORYU-IV carries out scientific experiments on arc mitigation high voltage solar array, plasma measurement using a double Langmuir probe, vacuum arc thruster, photoelectron current measurement and polymer material degradation. HORYU-IV captured various discharge waveforms and images in space that can be categorized into several types. Ground experiments were carried out to compare the waveforms between the flight results and the ground results. The Double Langmuir probe was operated in space and its result was compared with the computer simulation results. Photoelectron emission yield was measured for several material for the first time in orbit. The overall results obtained in the past two and a half years from the spacecraft plasma interaction experiments will be presented.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85065321708&origin=inward

  • CubeSat mission for ionosphere mapping and weather forecasting using chip-scale atomic clock 査読有り

    Aheieva K., Rahmatillah R., Ninagawa R., Adebolu I., Masui H., Yamauchi T., Kim S., Cho M., Chow C., Tse M., Li K.

    Progress in Electromagnetics Research Symposium   2017-November   761 - 766   2017年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © 2018 Electromagnetics Academy. All rights reserved. The project SPATIUM (Space Precision Atomic-clock TIming Utility Mission) presents a new technique for ionosphere mapping using a constellation of CubeSats equipped with Chip Scale Atomic Clock (CSAC) to provide real-time three-dimensional mapping of ionosphere plasma density at the altitudes of electron density peak (200 to 400km above the Earth). This paper describes the principle of the ionosphere mapping and total electron content (TEC) determination using satellite signal transmission with a dual-frequency and signal shift determination at the Ground Station using the same referenced CSAC clock. The paper also describes reasons of RF signal delays/shifting due to atmosphere and ionosphere plasma conditions. A 2U CubeSat, SPATIUM-I, is introduced as a platform. The future plans for the project expansion are also given.

    DOI: 10.1109/PIERS-FALL.2017.8293237

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=85045343815&origin=inward

  • Screening of nanosatellite microprocessors using californium single-event latch-up test results 査読有り

    Tomioka T., Okumura Y., Masui H., Takamiya K., Cho M.

    Acta Astronautica   126   334 - 341   2016年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    © 2016 IAA. A single-event latch-up (SEL) test using a252Cf radioisotope was carried out. The results were compared with those of a proton test and from observation in orbit. A radioisotope can reproduce phenomena observed in orbit that are caused by protons. Considering the inexpensive nature of the252Cf test, it is more suitable for nanosatellites that require low cost and fast delivery. A SEL occurrence rate of a commercial-off-the-shelf microprocessor was derived from the ground test results. The252Cf test provided a SEL rate approximately 1×106times greater than that in orbit. This data can be used to derive the minimum SEL occurrence rate in orbit and help satellite designers to evaluate the risk of SEL and take measures if necessary.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.actaastro.2016.05.004

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84969260991&origin=inward

  • Finite Element Analysis of Vibration Amplification Distribution in Lean Satellites

    BATSUREN Amgalanbat, HATAMURA Toru, MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN   14 ( 30 )   Pf_51 - Pf_60   2016年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    <p>This paper presents a part of the basic research for establishing the unit Qualification Test (QT) conditions within the framework of an international project to make ISO standard, namely, "Space Systems&mdash;Design Qualification and Acceptance Tests for Small-Scale Satellites and Units Requiring Low Costs and Fast Delivery". A laboratory test is conducted to study how vibration acceleration is distributed in a satellite body, so as to define the unit QT random vibration test level. The range of natural frequency and the amplification of acceleration are identified through statistical analysis of the test results. Finite element analysis is carried out to extend the findings to other structural types of micro/nanosatellites. Three structural types are analyzed, i.e., Yojo han, T-type and Pi-type. Based on the results, a unit QT vibration level that provides the minimum reliability assurance for use in space is proposed.</p>

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.14.Pf_51

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130005246080

  • 超小型衛星「鳳龍弐号」の熱設計・検証手法と軌道データ解析

    増井 博一, 世利 祐樹, 濱田 朗充, 趙 孟佑

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集   64 ( 5 )   270 - 275   2016年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    This paper describes the thermal design method of Horyu-2. Horyu-2 was developed by Kyushu Institute of Technology. The project started in 2010 and Horyu-2 was launched by H-2A of JAXA on May 18 2012. At present, Horyu-2 is carrying out many missions and transferring on-orbit data. Horyu-2 orbits 680 km with sun-synchronous polar orbit. Feature of Horyu-2 are lightweight (7.1kg) and large surface (30cm cube) compared with a conventional cube-sat. Thermal design is needed to keep the temperature within the safe range. We conducted thermal analysis in a step-by-step in each phase. This paper reviews the thermal design processes and discusses on-orbit data acquired after launch.

    DOI: 10.2322/jjsass.64.270

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130005249170

  • Five-nations CubeSat Constellation; An Inexpensive Test Case for Learning and Capacity Building 査読有り

    A. R. Khan, G. Maeda, H. Masui, JGMNB project members, M. Cho

    3rd AIAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and CubeSat Workshop & International Workshop on Lean Satellite Standardization   2015年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Italy   Rome   2015年11月30日  -  2015年12月04日

  • 宇宙機と宇宙プラズマ相互作用による放電現象の地上実験と軌道上実験(4)放電現象解明のための軌道実証結果の紹介(3)超小型衛星による高電圧発電の実証(鳳龍弐号)

    増井 博一, 趙 孟佑

    プラズマ・核融合学会誌   91 ( 11 )   735 - 737   2015年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    宇宙空間での高電圧の発電を実証するために開発された「鳳龍弐号」での実験結果を紹介する.鳳龍弐号では太陽電池を使用しての300V以上の発電電圧の実証と放電実験が行われた.この発電電圧は現在の所,宇宙空間で太陽電池が作りだした電圧としては最も高い値である.このような挑戦的な実験が可能となったのは,大学を中心として超小型衛星が盛んに開発されており,宇宙空間を使用しての実験は以前に比べ格段に敷居が下がった為である.超小型衛星を使用することでリスクの高い軌道上実証が可能となり,鳳龍弐号のような高電圧を使用する実験も可能となった.ここでは「鳳龍弐号」の開発や軌道上実験の結果と今後の展開について概説する.

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110010016773

  • Design Considerations and Ground Testing of Electric Double-Layer Capacitors as Energy Storage Components for Nanosatellites 査読有り

    M. Alkali, M. Y. Edries, A. R. Khan, H. Masui, M. Cho

    JOURNAL OF SMALL SATELLITES   2015年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 宇宙機と宇宙プラズマ相互作用による放電現象の地上実験と軌道上実験(2)宇宙機での放電現象

    趙 孟佑, 増井 博一

    プラズマ・核融合学会誌   91 ( 9 )   614 - 618   2015年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    この章では宇宙機で発生する放電現象について説明する.宇宙機で発生する放電現象が最も起こりやすい箇所は太陽電池パネルであるために,最初に太陽電池パネルの構造について詳しく述べる.その後,太陽電池パネルでの帯電のメカニズムについて説明し,初期放電発生メカニズムを衛星の軌道高度ごとに分けて説明する.続いて,初期放電により引き起こされる影響のさらに大きな持続放電のメカニズムについて説明する.

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110010016667

  • Thermal Analysis and Testing of Arc Event Generator and Investigation Satellite (AEGIS), HORYU-IV 査読有り

    T. T. Long, T. Yamasaki, H. Masui, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Degradation Acceleration Tests of COTS Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery for Lean Satellites 査読有り

    T. Motohata, T. Shimizu, H. Masui, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Finite Element Analysis of Vibration Amplification Distribution within Lean Satellites 査読有り

    A. Batsuren, T. Hatamura, H. Masui, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Research of Radiation Testing Method for Lean-Satellites Using Californium-252 査読有り

    T. Tomioka, K. Taniwaki, H. Masui, M. Cho, K. Takamiya

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Anomaly Investigation Using Telemetry Data of Horyu-2’s for Single Event Latch-Up 査読有り

    H. Masui, Y. Tanaka, T. Tomioka, KIT satellite project, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Design and Testing of Electrical Power Subsystem (EPS) of a Lean Satellite, HORYU-IV 査読有り

    M. Y. Edries, A. Tanaka, E. Dashdondog, H. O. Almubarak, M. Alkali, A. R. Khan, H. Masui, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technologies   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobw   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Environment Test Campaign of Aluminium Substrate Solar Panel for Lean-satellites 査読有り

    H. O. Almubarak, H. Masui, M. Cho

    30th International Symposium on Space Technology and Science   2015年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kobe   2015年07月  -  2015年07月

  • Introduction to Lean Satellite and ISO standard for Lean Satellite 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, F. Graziani

    RAST 2015   2015年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Turkey   Istanbul   2015年06月  -  2015年06月

    DOI: 10.1109/RAST.2015.7208447

    Scopus

  • Activity and Strategy for Lean Satellite in Kyushu Institute of Technology 査読有り

    H. Masui, T. Hatamura, T.Shimizu, M. Cho

    7th Recent Advances Space Technology (RAST) 2015   2015年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Turkey   Istanbul   2015年06月  -  2015年06月

    DOI: 10.1109/RAST.2015.7208450

    Scopus

  • 超小型衛星の衝撃試験レベル調整方法に関するシミュレーション 査読有り

    畑 村透, 増井 博一, 趙 孟佑, 前野 一夫

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集   2015年05月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    CiNii Article

  • Flight Results of Arcing Experiment Onboard High-Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite Horyu-2 査読有り

    S. Iwai, H. Masui, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   2015年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.2514/1.A33007

    Scopus

  • 5. おわりに(宇宙機と宇宙プラズマ相互作用による放電現象の地上実験と軌道上実験) 査読有り

    増井 博一, 趙 孟佑

    プラズマ・核融合学会誌   91 ( 11 )   738 - 739   2015年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    本講座では宇宙機で発生する放電現象についてこれまで述べた.宇宙工学の分野の中でも非常に狭い領域のトピックを取り扱った.しかし,宇宙機の電源システムに直接影響を与える,非常に重要な分野であることは理解頂けたと思う.以下に本講座の総括と今後の展望を述べる.

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110010016774

  • 超小型衛星の衝撃試験レベル調整方法に関するシミュレーション 査読有り

    畑 村透, 増井 博一, 趙 孟佑, 前野 一夫

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集   63 ( 3 )   117 - 119   2015年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    Development of small satellites (50kg or less) is undergoing all over the world. Regardless its size, any satellite has to be tested for space environment. Various environment tests, such as vibration, vacuum, low and high temperature are necessary. Especially, shock test is one of the most difficult tests. The shock test needs to satisfy the SRS (shock response spectrum) requirement imposed by the launcher. If the SRS obtained in the test does not exceed the SRS requirement level, the test is invalid. At the same time, the SRS level as low as possible while satisfying the requirement is desired to protect the satellite from the overstress. SRS obtained by an air-gun type shock machine was analyzed using a commercial finite element code (LS-DYNA) to investigate the SRS at low frequencies, 100 to 300Hz, which is very difficult to control in the actual test. The analysis showed that controlling the friction of the slide table is effective to change the slope of SRS at the low frequencies. The lower the friction, the higher slope of SRS is obtained.

    DOI: 10.2322/jjsass.63.117

    その他リンク: http://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130005072535

  • DEVELOPMENT OF A TESTING STANDARD OF COTS LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES FOR NANO-SATELLITE 査読有り

    T. Motohata, T. Shimizu, H. Masui, M. Cho

    65th International Astronautical Congress   2014年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Canada   Toronto   2014年09月  -  2014年09月

  • Low Cost Thermal-Vacuum System for the Development of Very Small Spacecraft 査読有り

    Tatsuo Shimizu, Takuya Motohata, Hirokazu Masui, Minoru Iwata, Mengu Cho

    65th International Astronautical Congress   2014年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Canada   Toronto   2014年09月  -  2014年09月

  • Preliminary Study of Electric Double Layer Capacitor as an Energy Storage of Simple Nanosatellite Power System 査読有り

    Alkali, M., Edries, M.Y., Khan, A.R., Masui, H., Cho, M

    65th International Astronautical Congress   2014年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Canada   Toronto   2014年09月  -  2014年09月

  • Performance evaluation of electric double layer capacitor as energy storage component of micro/nanosatellite on the imposition of varied temperature and vacuum conditions 査読有り

    ALKALI, M., Edries, M., Almubarak, H., Khan, A.R., Masui, H., Cho, M.

    50th AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE Joint Propulsion conference   2014年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    USA   Cleveland   2014年07月  -  2014年07月

    DOI: 10.2514/6.2014-3420

    Scopus

  • Flight Results of High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite HORYU-II 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, A. R. Khan, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, Kyutech Satellite Project

    13th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2014年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    USA   Pasadena   2014年06月  -  2014年06月

  • On-orbit Potential Measurement of H-II Transfer Vehicle 査読有り

    T. Okumura, D. Tsujita, Y. Kobayashi, K. Koga, M. Takahashi, H. Kusawake, T. Kasai, H. Uematsu, H. Masui, A. Khan, M. Cho

    13th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2014年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    USA   Pasadena   2014年06月  -  2014年06月

  • Laboratory Tests to Standardize Environment Test Conditions of Micro/Nano Satellite Units 査読有り

    A. Batsuren, K. Tomida, T. Hatamura, H. Masui M. Cho

    Transactions of JSASS, Aerospace Technology Japan   2014年04月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Environmental Tests of Lithium-ion Capacitor for Very High Power In-Orbit Applications 査読有り

    Shimizu, T., Finnholm, J., Motohata, T., Masui, H., Coronius, T., Kestila, A., Cho, M

    10th European Space Power Conference   2014年04月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Noordwijkerhout   Netherlands   2014年04月  -  2014年04月

  • Low cost thermal-vacuum system for the development of very small spacecraft 査読有り

    Shimizu T., Motohata T., Masui H., Iwata M., Cho M., Finnholm J., Kestila A.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   8   5903 - 5906   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Copyright ©2014 by the International Astronautical Federation. All rights reserved. Simulated space environments are necessary for validating the functionality of spacecraft and/or payloads during their development phase. A thermal-vacuum chamber is a key space environment simulator. Conventional chambers provide a high vacuum environment as well as thermal cycle environments that provide conditions similar to those encountered in space. However, even small such chambers are expensive, and are often beyond the budget of a university-based space project. In addition, the need to use liquid nitrogen coolant adds an additional high running cost. For this reason, we developed a small thermal vacuum test facility that costs less than 2000USD and which uses solid-state Peltier heaters/coolers.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=84937826566&origin=inward

  • Three hundred fifty volt photovoltaic power generation in low Earth orbit 査読有り

    Cho M., Masui H., Iwai S., Yoke T., Toyoda K.

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   51 ( 1 )   379 - 381   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    A nanosatellite, HORYU-II, weighing only 7.1 kg achieved the highest photovoltaic power generation in orbit, at 350V, breaking the previous record from the International Space Station, at 160 V, by more than a factor of two. The satellite uses a permanent magnet and hysteresis dumper to do passive attitude control using the Earth's magnetic field. Using series-connected micro solar cells, the satellite can carry out high-voltage experiments in space. The high-voltage solar array developed for HORYU-II is suitable for other scientific experiments that make use of high voltages, such as electric propulsion, spacecraft charging onboard a micro/nanosatellite. It is free from the electromagnetic noise associated with high-voltage dc/dc converters and robust enough to operate for a short time in orbit.

    DOI: 10.2514/1.A32559

    Scopus

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  • Basic research on radiation tests suitable for nano-satellites 査読有り

    Tomioka T., Masui H., Cho M., Takamiya K.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   11   8048 - 8051   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    In recent years, many nano-satellites are being developed in universities and private enterprises due to low cost and short development period. Therefore, commercial off the selves (COTS) ICs are often used in the nano-satellite projects. However, COTS ICs are not designed for space usages. It may breakdown due to strong radiation dose in the space. Therefore, radiation durability test should be performed before the satellite launch. Generally speaking, in the space radiation damage is mainly due to protons. To perform the radiation test, an accelerator is required that is expensive and needs long preparation time. Acquiring this type of test facility is against the concept of nano-satellite concept: 'Low cost and Fast delivery'. The purpose of this research is to establish a suitable radiation testing method and evaluate it as a standard for nano-satellites. It has been focused on Californium-252 (252Cf) as an alternative source radiation that is a radioisotope emits heavy ions continuously. In this research, the bombardment target is a microprocessor (H8/36057) used in Horyu-2, a 30cm cubic nano-satellite developed by Kyushu Institute of Technology, Japan. Horyu-2 was launched on 18thMay 2012. One of the main abnormal phenomena observed on board microprocessor was caused by radiation and that was Single-Event-Latchup (SEL). When proton like particle strikes on a semiconductor surface, many charges are generated, named as SEL, which generates over-current in the IC and causes failure. Up to now (10thSeptember, 2014), SEL was occurred 5 times on the H8/36057 on board Horyu-2. By using the252Cf radiation system on H8/36057 microprocessor, similar situation was simulated to reveal the radiation effect on Horyu-2. First, SEL occurrence probability was calculated when single particle struck on the IC surface followed by proton flux with LET. Finally, on orbit SEL occurrence cross-section was calculated. Thus on orbit radiation resistance on microprocessor (H8/36057) can be estimated by252Cf using as a radiation source.

    Scopus

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  • Laboratory Tests to Standardize Environment Test Conditions of Micro/Nano Satellite Units 査読有り

    BATSUREN Amgalanbat, TOMIDA Kenta, HATAMURA Toru, MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 日本航空宇宙学会 )   12 ( 29 )   Pf_1 - Pf_10   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    This paper presents the basic research for establishing the qualification test (QT) level a unit has to pass to be sold as a product for space usage. A laboratory test campaign was conducted to study how the mechanical stresses distribute within a satellite body so as to define the unit QT level. We carried out random vibration tests using two types 50cm/50kg class satellites and measured the distribution of acceleration inside the satellites. The research focuses on the provision of the physical basis of the test conditions to be defined in the new standard. We tried to identify the range of natural frequency and amplification of acceleration in various launching environment through statistical analysis of the test results. The detailed test procedure, analysis method and primary results are herein reported.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.12.Pf_1

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130003395430

  • Discharge Observation on Antenna Surface Radiating High-power Microwaves in Simulated Space Environment 査読有り

    WOO Hyounggwan, KHAN Arifur R., MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu, MIYAKAWA Takehiro, FUJITA Tatsuhito

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 日本航空宇宙学会 )   12 ( 0 )   11 - 19   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    The space solar power system (SSPS) transfers enormous amounts of electrical energy through microwaves. When high-power microwaves are irradiated from an antenna in a LEO plasma environment, there is a concern about discharge caused by interaction between the plasma and the microwaves. There has been no experimental observation of such an interaction phenomenon. Verification experiments are essential for SSPS to become a reality. We examine whether discharge or related phenomena occur or not on patch antennas under various conditions in the laboratory. We verify the hypothesis of discharge inception that the discharge is caused by multipactoring and breakdown of the outgas product. We compute the minimum electric field for the discharge inception.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.12.11

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130003395403

  • Erratum for "Laboratory Tests to Standardize Environment Test Conditions of Micro/Nano Satellite Units" [Trans. JSASS Aerospace Tech. Japan Vol. 12, No. ists29, pp. Pf_1-Pf_10, 2014] 査読有り

    BATSUREN Amgalanbat, TOMIDA Kenta, HATAMURA Toru, MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 日本航空宇宙学会 )   12 ( 29 )   Pf_39 - Pf_40   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.12.Pf_39

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130005109519

  • Ground Tests and In-Orbit Results for the Horyu-II Nanosatellite Power System 査読有り

    OKADA Kazuya, SERI Yuki, SHIBAGAKI Ryunosuke, Satellite Project Kyutech, MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会 )   12 ( 29 )   Tf_49 - Tf_56   2014年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    The Kyutech (Kyushu Institute of Technology) Satellite Project developed a high-voltage demonstration satellite called "Horyu-II" between 2010 and 2012. Horyu-II is a nanosatellite 350 mm x 310 mm x 315 mm (X*Y*Z) in size, with a mass of only 7.1 kg. This satellite was launched on May 18, 2012 as a piggy-back payload of the 21st H-IIA launch. Its missions are the demonstration of high-voltage technology in orbit, mitigation of electrostatic discharge (ESD), and so on. In this paper, we describe the design of the power system and its verification through various ground tests. The power system is equipped with a thin-film double-junction GaAs solar cell, with an efficiency of 20%, as the primary power source for the first time in orbit. The satellite also carries Ni-MH batteries for power storage. The power system architecture was simplified as much as possible with failure prevention mechanisms, such as over-current protection and various switches related to safety and debris mitigation. We present the analysis of the telemetry data obtained after the launch and validate the effectiveness of the design and verification processes.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.12.Tf_49

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130004699597

  • 350-V Photovoltaic Power Generation in Low Earth Orbit 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, S. Iwai, T. Yoke, K. Toyoda

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   2013年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Nano-satellite development project and space engineering education at Kyushu Institute of Technology 査読有り

    Cho M., Masui H., Satellite K.

    RAST 2013 - Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Recent Advances in Space Technologies   1059 - 1063   2013年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Students of Kyushu Institute of Technology successfully developed a 7kg nanosatellite, HORYU-II. The satellite was tested extensively at Center for Nanosatellite Testing. There are many lessons learned through its designing, development, testing and operation to be shared among the university satellite community. Since 2013, the university will launch a new post-graduate program, Space Engineering International Course, where Japanese and foreign students learn the basic space technology through hands-on experience gained by participating in a satellite project utilizing space engineering research infrastructure within the campus. The program is also carried out as United Nations/Japan long term fellowship programme to assist capacity building of basic space technology in countries that have little experience in satellite development. Selected students will be awarded Japanese government scholarship. This paper describes the space engineering education at Kyushu Institute of Technology. © 2013 IEEE.

    DOI: 10.1109/RAST.2013.6581159

    Scopus

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  • On-orbit data analysis of high voltage technology demonstration satellite HORYU-II 査読有り

    Iwai S., Yoke T., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition 2013   2013年08月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    The High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite named HORYU-II is a nano-satellite (30cm cubic shape, 7kg) successfully developed by students at Kyushu Institute of Technology. The main purpose of this satellite is orbital demonstration of the feasibility the forthcoming space high voltage technologies. The International Space Station (ISS) generates the highest voltage, 160V, among all of the current active space systems. HORYU-II aims at being the world's first satellite to generate a voltage of 300V by using solar array, which is significantly higher voltage than the one generated on board the ISS. However, due to the generation of the high voltage, Electrostatic Discharges (ESDs) are more likely to occur. Therefore, HORYU-II also aims at performing a demonstration of ESD mitigation technology. HORYU-II was launched by a H-2A rocket on May 18, 2012. HORYU-II is functioning normally and data from orbit have recently been recorded and data analysis is under way. Results of the analysis will be presented in detail at the conference. © 2013 by Kyushu Institute of Technology.

    Scopus

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  • 超小型衛星「鳳龍弐号」の試験・検証と軌道上不具合原因究明 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, Kyutech Satellite Project

    Aerospace Technology   2013年04月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • On-Orbit Data Analysis of High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite HORYU-II 査読有り

    S. Iwai, T. Yoke, H. Masui, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    51st AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting   2013年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    USA   Grapevine   2013年01月07日  -  2013年01月10日

  • Measurement of atomic-oxygen flux distribution 査読有り

    Hisashiba T., Kuroda K., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    Astrophysics and Space Science Proceedings   32   597 - 606   2013年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    © Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013. Since material surfaces on the outside of spacecraft are exposed directly to the space environment, material having high tolerance to atomic oxygen, ultraviolet rays and radiation are preferred for long time spacecraft operation. In order to examine the influence of atomic oxygen (AO) on space grade materials, an atomic oxygen simulation chamber was developed. A system was developed that generates AO using a laser detonation method. A CO2gas laser (5 J) irradiates the oxygen gas in a vacuum chamber (2 MPa) to dissociate the molecular oxygen into atomic. The velocity of AO can be controlled based on the timing between the laser and the gas pulse valve that injects oxygen gas into the chamber. The AO velocity generated by this system is measured using a QMASS (Quadruple Mass Spectrometer) and found to be 8 km/s. It was necessary to measure the AO flux distribution in the chamber at the location where the material samples are exposed to AO. The AO flux distribution was evaluated by measuring the mass gain on a QCM (QuartzCrystal Micro-balance) coated with a silver film upon exposure to the AO.

    DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-30229-9_56

    Scopus

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  • Mission results of high voltage technology demonstration satellite "HORYU-2 査読有り

    Iwai S., Khan A., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   12   9377 - 9391   2013年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    The World's largest spacecraft bus voltage is the International Space Station (ISS) with a bias voltage of 160V. We have investigated a power bus able to handle higher voltage than the ISS. Electro-static discharges (ESDs) are more likely to occur when a satellite generates power at a high voltage rather than low voltage in low Earth orbit (LEO). However, high voltage generation is essential for building large space systems. Therefore, Kyushu Institute of Technology (Kyutech) is developing a high voltage generation technology that could counteract ESDs. This could be considered as a key technology for next generation spacecraft. Nano-satellites are useful and less risky tools for technology demonstration since they are faster and less expensive to develop than large satellites. Therefore, we focused on nano-satellite development to demonstrate Kyutech's advanced high voltage generation technology. All of the on-orbit high voltage tests have been demonstrated by using a DC/DC converter to adapt the high voltage generated by the solar array. This was a World premiere as no high voltage tests had previously been performed in space using solar arrays. To demonstrate the feasibility of on-orbit high voltage generation, we developed a High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite named HORYU-2. The mission consisted of 300V generation without causing arcing, and contribution to the practical development of 1MW class spacecraft. On May 18, 2012, HORYU-2 was launched by the H-2A rocket number 21. HORYU-2 has been operated from Kyutech's ground station, and HORYU-2's orbit was confirmed and the mission successful. For the first time in the World, 350V have been generated on-orbit without arc creation. Using two specially designed solar arrays arcing was mitigated. Regarding the sub-missions, ELF was proven to work well on-orbit, Trek measurements are currently under investigation, the SCAMP camera successfully imaged Earth, and the debris sensor has not yet detected debris impact. During the conference, we will present all mission analysis in further detail. Copyright ©2013 by the International Astronautical Federation.

    Scopus

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  • Anomaly investigation of HORYU-II and lessons learned 査読有り

    Okumura Y., Masui H., Cho M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   6   4211 - 4218   2013年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    The HORYU-II nanosatellite was launched as a secondary payload on-board an H-IIA rocket on May 18, 2012 (UTC). The spacecraft was completely developed by students from Kyushu Institute of Technology starting from 2010. HORYU-II operated normally from orbit injection until June 5 when anomalies were observed in the housekeeping data. By June 30, 2012, only call signs were received. Fortunately, the satellite was able to reset and operate in steady mode, even though the battery state dropped to about 10%. This paper presents HORYU-II anomaly investigation results and the lessons learned. We carried out Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) to determine failure root cause. Among the phenomena observed were: irregular housekeeping data, unresponsive Telecommands from the ground station, communication limited to call signs, and low residual battery quantity after recovery. After ground-based assessment of the spare bus system, we concluded that the anomaly cause was radiation effect on the On-Board Computer (OBC) system. Single Event Latch-up (SEL) occurrence caused over current of the Micro Controller Unit (MCU). We underestimated the radiation effect. We contrived overcurrent protection for the OBC circuit but we did not measure over current flow on the subsystem when SEL occurs. The communication system is independent of the MCU and can continuously send call signs. For this reason, we were able to receive call signs and trace the satellite even when the OBC MCU stopped operating. The power system was designed to restart when battery charge reached 0% and this was confirmed from ground testing. Copyright© (2013) by the International Astronautical Federation.

    Scopus

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  • Discharge observation on antenna surface radiating high power microwave in plasma environment 査読有り

    Woo H., Khan A., Masui H., Cho M., Miyakawa T., Fujita T.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   9   7029 - 7037   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Space Solar Power System (SSPS) transfers enormous amount of electrical energy through microwave. Flight demonstration onboard a small satellite in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) is now under consideration. When a high power microwave is irradiated from antenna in LEO plasma environment, there is a concern about discharge caused by interaction between the plasma and the microwave. There has been no experimental observation on such interaction phenomenon. Verification experiment is essential for SSPS to become a reality. We have set-up an experimental system that can simulate the radiation of high power microwave under dense plasma in a vacuum chamber. A RF plasma source was installed to the chamber that we filled with Argon plasma environment of density from 1011 to 10 m' with 4eV to 6eV temperature under a back pressure of 2.6x10" Pa. A patch antenna made of Glass epoxy substrate was installed inside the chamber. The antenna was connected to a magnetron that could produce 5.8GHz microwave. We monitored the antenna surface temperature, the radiated and reflected power, the chamber pressure and others while we injected the microwave to the antenna up to 45W. We examined whether discharge or related phenomena occur or not on the patch antennas for various conditions to verify the hypothesis of discharge inception that discharge is caused by multi-pactoring and breakdown of the outgas product. Copyright © (2012) by the International Astronautical Federation.

    Scopus

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  • Preliminary report on on-orbit experiment on high voltage technology demonstration satellite, HORYU-II 査読有り

    Takahashi A., Khan A., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    Proceedings of the International Astronautical Congress, IAC   12   9657 - 9667   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    A cubic nano-satellite with a length of 30 cm, named HORYU-II, was developed at Kyushu Institute of Technology in Japan. HORYU-II is a demonstration satellite for high voltage technology and its two main advantages are its low cost and short time development. HORYU-II's main mission is to demonstrate the possible generation of 300V on-orbit by using spherical solar cells connected in series. This mission can be considered as the first high voltage technology demonstration in the world. To control arcing under negative 300V in space plasma, ETFE (ethylene tetra flouro ethylene) cover and semi-conductive coated solar array efficiency will be demonstrated. Along with this, charging mitigation of spacecraft by using electron emitting film, operation of commercial-off-the-shelf (COT) surface potentiometer will also be demonstrated. HORYU-II was launched by a H-IIA rocket on May 18, 2012. We have been acquiring on-orbit data and monitoring the satellite conditions. HORYU-II succeeded in generating the highest 300V photovoltaic voltage in space for the first time in the world. However, many problems were found during data collection. In this paper, the result of HORYU-II's missions is described.

    Scopus

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  • Development of mission payloads onboard high voltage technology demonstration satellite HORYU-II 査読有り

    Yoke T., Khan A., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    50th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition   2012年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite HORYU-II is a Nano-Satellite (30cm cubic shape, 7kg) being developed by the students in Kyushu Institute of Technology. One of the objectives of this satellite is orbital demonstration of forthcoming space high-voltage technologies. The satellite with the highest voltage generation in Low Earth Orbit has been ISS, generating 160V. On orbit, especially LEO, high-voltage (over about 200V) generally induces electro-static discharges (ESD). HORYU-II is aimed to demonstrate new designs of solar array that can generate power, free of ESD, by producing 300V via a specially designed solar array itself, not via a conventional DC/DC converter. If successful, HORYU-II will become the first spacecraft in the world that achieved 300V photovoltaic power generation in space. Copyright © 2012 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    DOI: 10.2514/6.2012-719

    Scopus

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  • Status of Micro/Nano satellite Environmental Tests Standardization Project: Test Campaign and Standard Draft 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, T. Hatamura, K. Date, S. Horii, S. Obata

    4th Nanosatellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Environment Test Campaign of Micro/Nano-Satellite Power Control Unit 査読有り

    K. Okada, T. Motohata, T. Hatamura, S. Obata, H. Masui, M. Cho

    4th UN-Japan Nano-Satellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Measurement of vibration acceleration distribution within micro/nano satellites for environment test standardization 査読有り

    A. Batsuren, T. Hatamura, H. Masui, M. Cho

    4th UN-Japan Nano-Satellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Path finder radiation test suitable for micro or nano satellite 査読有り

    Y. Okumura, M. Cho, H. Masui

    4th UN-Japan Nano-Satellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • On-orbit Demonstration of High Voltage Technology Mission in HORYU-II 査読有り

    A. Takahashi, A. R. Khan, M. Hirokazu, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    4th UN-Japan Nano-Satellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • nvironment Test Campaign of Micro/Nano-Satellite Radio Frequency Components 査読有り

    K. Tomida, T. Hatamura, H. Masui, M. Cho

    4th UN-Japan Nano-Satellite Symposium   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Nagoya   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Preliminary Report on On-orbit Experiment on High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite, HORYU-II 査読有り

    A. Takahashi, A. R. Khan, M. Hirokazu, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho,

    63rd International Astronautical Congress   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Italy   Naples   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Discharge observation on antenna surface radiating high power microwave in plasma environment 査読有り

    H. Woo, A. R. Khan, H. Masui, M. Cho, T. Miyakawa, T. Fujita

    63rd International Astronautical Congress   2012年10月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Italy   Naples   2012年10月  -  2012年10月

  • Overview of Nano-satellite Environmental Tests Standardization Project: Test Campaign and Standard Draft 査読有り

    M. Cho, H. Masui, T. Hatamura, K. Date, S. Horii, S. Obata

    26th Small Satellite Conference   2012年08月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    USA   Utah   2012年08月  -  2012年08月

  • Research on mitigation method against secondary arcing on solar array by capacitor and inductance 査読有り

    I. Haruta, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Principle Verification of Space Debris Removal Method Using Interaction between Space Plasma and Electrode 査読有り

    R. Sasaki, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho,

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Research on mitigation method against secondary arcing on solar array by capacitor and inductance 査読有り

    I. Haruta, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakshu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Experimental investigation of mitigation method of flashover discharge on solar array 査読有り

    S. Miyazaki, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Measurement of Atomic Oxygen Flux Distribution 査読有り

    T. Hisashiba, H. Masui, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Development of Mission Payloads onboard High Voltage Technology Demonstration Satellite HORYU-II 査読有り

    T. Yoke, A. R. Khan, H. Masui, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Discharge phenomena on antenna surface radiating microwave in plasma environment 査読有り

    H. Woo, A. R.Khan, H. Masui, M. Cho, T. Miyakawa, T. Fujita

    12th Spacecraft Charging Technology Conference   2012年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Japan   Kitakyushu   2012年05月  -  2012年05月

  • Spacecraft Charging Analysis of Large GEO Satellites Using MUSCAT 査読有り

    M. Cho, T. Sumida, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, J. Kim, S. Hatta, F. Wong, B. Hoang

    IEEE Trans on Plasma Science   2012年02月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2012.2187074

    Scopus

  • Development of flashover current simulator for ESD ground testing simulating GEO environment 査読有り

    K. Toyoda, T. Suzuki, T. Endo, H. Masui, M. Cho

    IEEE Trans on Plasma Science   2012年02月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2011.2179813

    Scopus

  • Electrostatic Discharge Tests of Solar Array Coupons With Different String-to-String Gaps without RTV Adhesive Grout 査読有り

    H. Masui, T. Endo, K. Toyoda, M. Cho, F. Wong, B. Hoang, T. Redick

    IEEE Trans on Plasma Science   2012年02月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2011.2176754

    Scopus

  • Research and Development of a Debris Removal Method Using Interaction between Space and Electrode with Applied Voltage 査読有り

    SASAKI Reiso, MASUI Hirokazu, TOYODA Kazuhiro, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会 )   10 ( 28 )   Tr_47 - Tr_51   2012年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    There is a lot of debris in space. There are currently about 15,000 individual pieces of space debris that can be observed from the earth, with a likely even greater number existing with a size less than 10cm, the limiting size of earth-based observations. Fears exist that as space debris continues to increase, the Kessler Syndrome will occur, eventually preventing any form of spaceflight. The purpose of this research is to remove the debris to prevent such a situation from happening. For the first time, it is proposed to bias voltage on net electrodes, as the space debris will be charged by the plasma interaction. The charged debris will then be slowed by the electric field surrounding the net electrodes, causing the debris to re-enter the atmosphere. In this research, a 100μm copper powder is used, followed by 2mm Ellenpall. This presentation addresses how much the debris is charged and how far the debris is shifted by the electric field.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.10.Tr_47

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130003373352

  • マイクロ波放電型イオンスラスタのシミュレーションコードの開発(<特集>電気推進・先端推進の数値シミュレーション) 査読有り

    山本 直嗣, 増井 博一, 金川 隆保, 新谷 將, 中島 秀紀

    日本航空宇宙学会誌 ( 一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会 )   59 ( 691 )   238 - 243   2011年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    DOI: 10.14822/kjsass.59.691_238

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110008711708

  • B3 九州工業大学宇宙環境技術ラボラトリーの活動について : 宇宙機帯電と宇宙デブリから超小型衛星開発まで(超小型衛星(1)) 査読有り

    増井 博一, 趙 孟佑, 赤星 保浩, 豊田 和弘, 岩田 稔, Khan Arifur Rahman, Chen Yu, 遠藤 泰史

    スペース・エンジニアリング・コンファレンス講演論文集 ( 一般社団法人 日本機械学会 )   2010 ( 0 )   _B3 - 1_-_B3-4_   2011年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Laboratory of Spacecraft Environment Interaction Engineering (LaSEINE) in Kyushu Institute of Technology in researching spacecraft charging and arcing, space debris and small satellite. Laboratory of Spacecraft Environment Interaction Engineering has test facilities specialized space environment and provides the education for the space environment. In particular to spacecraft charging and arcing, the solar array panel made in Japan and abroad were tested. The laboratory is one of the world's leading authorities on spacecraft charging and arcing. Recently, the environment test facilities for a small satellite are developed. These facilities can provide most of test environments required small satellites. In this presentation, our past results and future plan will be reported.

    DOI: 10.1299/jsmesec.2010.19._B3-1_

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/110008743760

  • Effect of Atomic Oxygen Exposure on Surface Resistivity Change of Spacecraft Insulator Material 査読有り

    MUNDARI Noor Danish Ahrar, KHAN Arifur Rahman, CHIGA Masaru, OKUMURA Teppei, MASUI Hirokazu, IWATA Minoru, TOYODA Kazuhiro, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 社団法人日本航空宇宙学会 )   ( 9 )   1 - 8   2011年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Spacecraft surface charging can lead to arcing and a loss of electricity generation capability in solar panels or even loss of a satellite. The charging problem may be further aggravated by atomic oxygen (AO) exposure in Low Earth orbits, which modifies the surface of materials like polyimide, Teflon, anti-reflective coatings, cover glass etc, used on satellite surfaces, affecting materials properties, such as resistivity, secondary electron emissivity and photo emission, which govern the charging behavior. These properties are crucial input parameters for spacecraft charging analysis. To study the AO exposure effect on charging governing properties, an atomic oxygen exposure facility based on laser detonation of oxygen was built. The facility produces AO with a peak velocity value around 10-12km/s and a higher flux than that existing in orbit. After exposing the polyimide test material to the equivalent of 10 years of AO fluence at an altitude of 700-800 km, surface charging properties like surface resistivity and volume resistivity were measured. The measurement was performed in a vacuum using the charge storage decay method at room temperature, which is considered the most appropriate for measuring resistivity for space applications. The results show that the surface resistivity increases and the volume resistivity remains almost the same for the AO exposure fluence of 5.4&times;10<sup>18</sup> atoms cm<sup>-2</sup>.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.9.1

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130000450582

  • Electrostatic discharge test with simulated coverglass flashover for multi-junction GaAs/Ge solar array design 査読有り

    Hoang B., Wong F., Funderburk V., Cho M., Toyoda K., Masui H.

    Conference Record of the IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference   1118 - 1123   2010年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Space Systems/Loral (SS/L) successfully completed electrostatic discharge (ESD) tests of Multi-junction (MJ) GaAs/Ge solar array design in geosynchronous space environment. This ESD test was based on ISO-11221, Space systems - Space solar panels -Spacecraft Charging Induced Electrostatic Discharge Test Methods. In addition to the ISO reference for the test schematic, SS/L implemented modified test circuitry to better simulate the on-orbit operational conditions of our solar array design. The ESD test circuit also included simulated solar array panel coverglass flashover. The ESD test program utilized a 25-cell coupon that had been subjected to 2,000 thermal cycles caused by earth eclipses in GEO orbit and >12,000 thermal cycles caused by the shadow of the spacecraft antennas. Other ESD test coupons are 4-cell coupons that, after baseline ESD experiments, can later be subjected to combined space environmental exposures tests. To demonstrate design robustness, we performed ESD tests to voltages and currents that are higher than that of on-orbit solar array operational voltages and currents. This paper discusses the coverglass flashover simulation, ESD test setup, the importance of the electrical test design in simulating the on-orbit operational conditions, and the test results. © 2010 IEEE.

    DOI: 10.1109/PVSC.2010.5614721

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78650119709&origin=inward

  • Preliminary experiments for establishing an ESD ground testing method of solar array 査読有り

    Toyoda K., Wada T., Yoke T., Suzuki T., Masui H., Cho M.

    48th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting Including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition   2010年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    ESD ground testing on satellite solar array paddle is performed to mitigate catastrophic accidents. An international standard is desired to perform international satellite business smoothly. A standard has been developed in laboratory of spacecraft environment interactions. The draft has been applied. In this paper, preliminary experiments were performed to improve the testing method. Copyright © 2010 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    Scopus

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  • Characterization Experiments of Secondary Arcs on Solar Arrays: Threshold and Duration 査読有り

    H. Masui, T. Kitamura, T. Ose, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   2010年06月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    DOI: 10.2514/1.49571

    Scopus

  • Effect of atomic oxygen exposure on resistivity change on spacecraft insulator materials 査読有り

    N. Mundari, A. R. Khan, M. Chiga, T. Okumura, H. Masui, M. Iwata, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    Trans. JSASS Aerospace Tech. Japan   2010年02月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Research on Mitigation Method against Secondary Arcing on Solar Array 査読有り

    WADA Tomohiro, MASUI Hirokazu, TOYODA Kazuhiro, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 一般社団法人 日本航空宇宙学会 )   8 ( 27 )   Pr_2_19 - Pr_2_24   2010年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    The recent trend of satellite manufacturing is to increase its communication capacity, multi-purpose mission payload, electric power and lifetime. A short-circuit due to discharge on the solar array of the satellite hampers its target by causing serious problems, such as, lowering of power generation that ultimately halts the operation of solar array. In this paper, we have investigated possible mitigation methods against short-circuit due to discharge on solar array by applying coating and by changing the shape of Room Temperature Vulcanization: Silicon adhesive (RTV). The electrostatic discharge is mitigated by obtaining the event of secondary arc generated on each condition.

    DOI: 10.2322/tastj.8.Pr_2_19

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130001080207

  • Secondary arc threshold meaurement on solar arrays for Japanese spacecraft charging guideline 査読有り

    Masui H., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition   2009年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    In this paper, we report about the test results on coupons made for Working Group 1(WG1), which was established to make a Japanese guideline for spacecraft charging design. In particular, the test for a sustained arc was conducted. The sustained arc is one of problem in present satellites. Laboratory tests were carried out with an external circuit simulating a spacecraft power system. The solar array coupon panels simulating the hot and return ends of a string circuit were tested under various combinations of string voltage and string current. We revealed that the threshold conditions for sustained arc were different in string voltage. We show the rating sheet of threshold for sustained arc. Copyright © 2009 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78549258137&origin=inward

  • Preliminary investigation of space debris removal method using electrostatic force in space plasma 査読有り

    Toyoda K., Furukawa Y., Okumura T., Masui H., Cho M.

    47th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting including the New Horizons Forum and Aerospace Exposition   2009年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Space debris is a space object which is not useful and can cause accident in space. Space debris is moving with high speed with average velocity of 10km/s, which can cause damages to the spacecraft and the astronaut operating outside satellite. The method of removing the debris is demanded for our safety operation in space. In this paper, a debris removal method was proposed for small diameter less than 1mm. This method utilizes the interaction between the electrode biased in positive and space ambient plasma in LEO. Copyright © 2009 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=78549291398&origin=inward

  • Preliminary study of development of space debris removal method using electrostatic force 査読有り

    Furukawa Y., Masui H., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    60th International Astronautical Congress 2009, IAC 2009   7   5772 - 5776   2009年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    It was verified that the copper powder is charged negatively using plasma. We analyzed the negative charging of the particle in an electron sheath in plasma. It was confirmed that copper powder is charged negatively in electron sheath making by net biased positively. Further, it was also confirmed that negatively charged copper powder is dragged by electrostatic force.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77953602516&origin=inward

  • Spectroscopic Measurement of Secondary Arc Plasma on Solar Array 査読有り

    T. Ose, K. Toyoda, H. Masui, M. Cho

    Transactions of JSASS, Space Technology Japan   2009年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Environmental effects on solar array electrostatic discharge current waveforms and test results 査読有り

    Okumura T., Masui H., Toyoda K., Cho M., Nitta K., Imaizumi M.

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   46 ( 3 )   697 - 705   2009年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    A solar array electrostatic discharge ground test is necessary to assure spacecraft reliability in orbit. Laboratory experiments were carried out to characterize an electrostatic discharge current waveform with different background pressures and charging environments to identify the importance of the test setup. The waveform strongly depended on the background pressure. This difference can affect the result of the solar cell degradation test. However, in the case of the secondary arc test, the difference of the primary arc current waveform did not affect the duration of the secondary arc. The current available from a power supply mostly determined the duration of the secondary, irrespective of the test environment. Methods to control the primary arc current supplied by an external capacitance are proposed. Copyright © 2009 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.2514/1.41696

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=67650901789&origin=inward

  • Environmental Effects on Solar Array Electrostatic Discharge Current Waveforms and Test Results 査読有り

    T. Okumura, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, K. Nitta, M. Imaizumi, M. Cho

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   2009年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Statistical number of primary discharges required for solar array secondary-arc tests 査読有り

    Cho M., Kitamura T., Ose T., Masui H., Toyoda K.

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   46 ( 2 )   438 - 448   2009年03月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    In the present paper, we propose a method to assess the risk of a secondary arc on a solar array in orbit based on statistical theory. Ground experiments have been carried out to investigate the statistics of temporary-sustained-arc duration. We have found that secondary-arc duration can be modeled as a combination of multiple Poisson distributions. Once we know the formula of the Poisson distribution, we can easily calculate the probability of a secondary arc lasting longer than an acceptable l imit. The quantity of secondary-arc- duration data needed to define the Poisson distribution formula has been discussed. Assuming that thousands or tens of thousands of primary arcs occur in orbit, if the average duration of secondary arcs in the test is less than 5% of the acceptable limit for secondary-arc duration, we can greatly reduce the number of experimental trials to 10 or less in most cases. © 2008 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    DOI: 10.2514/1.37798

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=65949115097&origin=inward

  • Statistical Number of Primary Discharges Required for Solar Array Secondary Arc Tests 査読有り

    M. Cho, T. Kitamura, T. Ose, H. Masui, K. Toyoda

    Journal of Spacecraft and Rockets   2009年03月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • ESD Ground Testing of Triple-Junction Solar Cells with Monolithic Diodes 査読有り

    Y. Nozaki, H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho, H. Watabe

    Transactions of JSASS, Space Technology Japan   2009年03月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Spectroscopic Measurement of Secondary Arc Plasma on Solar Array 査読有り

    OSE Takayuki, TOYODA Kazuhiro, MASUI Hirokazu, CHO Mengu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, SPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 社団法人日本航空宇宙学会 )   7 ( 26 )   Pr_2_41 - Pr_2_46   2009年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    As the power level of Geostationary satellites increases, discharge phenomena on solar array are becoming serious threat to safe operation. Arcs on solar array can short-circuit the satellite circuit, decrease the satellite power, and then cause the satellite permanent failure. To prevent the failure caused by charging and arcing, it is necessary to investigate the mechanism of satellite charging and arcing phenomenon. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the occurrence condition of a secondary arc by measuring arc plasma characteristics in ground test. We measured the arc plasma temperature and identified the materials emitted using spectrometer at arbitrary time during arc occurring. We investigated the difference of secondary arcs occurrence condition during secondary arcs. From the spectroscopic measurement results, we found that it was necessary for shifting to the secondary arc that the metallic vapor same as the cathode material was emitted. In case of primary arc (PA) dimension changes, the probability of secondary arc and TSA occurrence became high. And plasma temperature was not affected by PA dimension, however the metallic vapor emission of silver was greatly affected. Thus, secondary arc occurrence greatly depends on metallic vapor emission from cathode.

    DOI: 10.2322/tstj.7.Pr_2_41

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130000151973

  • ESD Ground Testing of Triple-Junction Space Solar Cells with Monolithic Diodes 査読有り

    NOZAKI Yukishige, MASUI Hirokazu, TOYODA Kazuhiro, CHO Mengu, WATABE Hirokazu

    TRANSACTIONS OF THE JAPAN SOCIETY FOR AERONAUTICAL AND SPACE SCIENCES, SPACE TECHNOLOGY JAPAN ( 社団法人日本航空宇宙学会 )   ( 7 )   11 - 17   2009年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    High-efficiency triple-junction (TJ) solar cells with monolithic diodes (MD) are being used for recent spacecraft solar arrays. Because the cell-to-cell inter-connector is usually connected on the MD pad, studying the effects of electrostatic discharge (ESD) on MD is necessary. Laboratory testing of two types of MD functions revealed that the weaker design was damaged by an energy discharge of 0.8J. With an external circuit simulating flight solar array, however, discharge as large as 9.3J didn't destroy the solar cell. Based on the test results, it was concluded that MD solar cells have sufficient resistance against ESD in orbit.

    DOI: 10.2322/tstj.7.11

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/130000151792

  • Generation of LEO-type atomic oxygen environment in laboratory for charging property database 査読有り

    Danish N., Okumura T., Masui H., Iwata M., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    International Astronautical Federation - 59th International Astronautical Congress 2008, IAC 2008   9   5874 - 5878   2008年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Spacecraft in LEO sweep through a rarefied atmosphere composed primarily of atomic oxygen. Even though the densities are low at these altitudes, the spacecraft surface can experience relatively high incident flux (1019 to 1021 m-2 s-1) of energetic (5 eV translational energy) oxygen atom because of high orbital velocities (8kms -1). Most hydrocarbon polymer and active metals are highly reactive towards the atomic oxygen which affects their chemical, electrical, optical and mechanical properties. We are in the process of designing a facility to simulate the space environment of atomic oxygen. Our aim is to simulate the quick degradation of materials and study the secondary electron emission co-efficient, bulk conductivity and photoelectron emission of degraded materials as they play an important role in discharging and arching phenomenon observed on surface of solar panel. We get high velocity of oxygen in an evacuated hypersonic nozzle. The oxygen is broken down in atomic oxygen using high power C02 laser. The energy of the atomic oxygen is measured using TOF QMAS technique. The flux of oxygen atom is measured using Quartz Crystal Microbalance (QCM). The O- atom source is used to irradiate the sample material used in spacecraft surface.

    Scopus

    その他リンク: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?partnerID=HzOxMe3b&scp=77950472614&origin=inward

  • ESD ground test of solar array coupons for a greenhouse gases observing satellite in PEO 査読有り

    Toyoda K., Masui H., Muranaka T., Cho M., Urabe T., Miura T., Kawakita S., Gonohe Y., Kikuchi T.

    IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science   36 ( 5 PART 2 )   2413 - 2424   2008年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    An electrostatic discharge test was carried out on a solar array paddle (SAP) for the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) on a simulated polar Earth orbit (PEO) environment. To simulate the spacecraft charging conditions in a PEO with an auroral band, when electrons with higher energy than LEO plasma flow to the Earth, three conditions of dielectric charging can be considered on each side of the SAP. At first, the threshold voltage differences of discharge inception were measured experimentally using solar array coupons simulating both the beginning and the end of life under six charging conditions. Next, the Multiutility Spacecraft Charging Analysis Tool was employed to analyze the spacecraft surface potential and the time needed for charging. From the threshold value and the charging analysis, the probability and the number of discharges were estimated in each charging condition during a lifetime of the GOSAT. Finally, the performance of the coupons against discharges was evaluated for each charging condition. All coupons had no sustained arc during these tests; however, there was some electrical degradation of the solar cell. The power degradation during the lifetime of the GOSAT was estimated from these results, and the design of the solar array coupon was confirmed to satisfy the power demand even if the estimated number of discharges occurs in the lifetime. © 2008 IEEE.

    DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2008.2002823

    Scopus

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  • Electrostatic discharge plasma propagation speed on solar panel in simulated geosynchronous environment 査読有り

    Masui H., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science   36 ( 5 PART 2 )   2387 - 2394   2008年11月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    An international project has started to establish an International organization for standardization standard for the electrostatic discharge (ESD) on the solar array panel. For the ESD ground test of satellite solar panel, it is important to understand the characteristics of a primary arc discharge. A solar array coupon made of triple-junction cells is used to understand the primary arc characteristics. In particular, the experiment focuses on the measurement of the propagation speed of plasma generated by the primary arc. The plasma propagation is analyzed using images captured by a high-speed video camera and an image intensified camera. The plasma propagation speed derived from discharge images decreases in proportion to the inverse of the square root of time. The arc current waveform assuming the decreasing speed agreed with the experiment waveform very well. © 2008 IEEE.

    DOI: 10.1109/TPS.2008.2003191

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  • Electrostatic Discharge Plasma Propagation Speed on Solar Panel in Simulated Geosynchronous Environment 査読有り

    H. Masui, K. Toyoda, M. Cho

    IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science   2008年10月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Probability distribution of secondary arc duration on solar array 査読有り

    Cho M., Kitamura T., Ose T., Masui H., Toyoda K.

    46th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit   2008年01月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Secondary arc on satellite solar array is sometimes fatal to spacecraft operation by damaging insulation of solar array string circuit. A proper ground test method is necessary to correctly assess the risk of secondary arc from the probability of occurrence in orbit. Ground experiments are carried out to investigate the statistics of temporary sustained arc duration. It is found that the secondary arc duration can be modeled as a combination of multiple Poisson distributions. Once we know the formula of the Poisson distribution, we can easily calculate the probability of secondary arc lasting longer than an acceptable limit, drastically reducing the testing cost. The number of secondary arc duration data to define the Poisson distribution formula is also discussed. Copyright © 2008 by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc.

    DOI: 10.2514/6.2008-455

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  • 宇宙用シリコン太陽電池の放電による電気性能劣化 査読有り

    奥村 哲平, 増井 博一, 豊田 和弘, 趙 孟佑, 今泉 充

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集 = Journal of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences ( 社団法人日本航空宇宙学会 )   55 ( 647 )   590 - 596   2007年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Electrostatic discharge (ESD) occurs on the solar array due to space plasma interaction. It is considered that solar cell suffers degradation of electric performance, once ESD occurs at the solar cell edge. In order to study the degradation of solar cell electrical performance, we performed ESD tests on Si solar cell in a vacuum chamber. After the ESD tests the solar cell maximum power decreased. We found the damage on surface electrode in the vicinity of ESD spot. Infrared emission due to current leak was found at the spot. The solar cell degraded due to the leak resistance produced by ESD.

    DOI: 10.2322/jjsass.55.590

    CiNii Article

    その他リンク: https://ci.nii.ac.jp/naid/10021152715

  • Effects of magnetic field configuration on thrust performance in a miniature microwave discharge ion thruster 査読有り

    Yamamoto N., Kondo S., Chikaoka T., Nakashima H., Masui H.

    Journal of Applied Physics   102 ( 12 )   2007年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    The effects of magnetic field configuration on thrust performance in a miniature microwave discharge ion thruster were investigated in order to improve thrust performance. First, the extracted ion beam current was measured for various levels of strength of the magnetic field. It was found that there is an optimum magnitude of the magnetic field. That this is due to the tradeoff between magnetic mirror confinement and microwave-plasma coupling was confirmed by measurement of the ion saturation current into the antenna of the ion thruster. The ion saturation current was found to decrease with an increase in magnetic field strength, due to the improvement in magnetic mirror confinement. The estimated electron temperature also decreases with an increase in magnetic field strength. This result shows that the increase in magnetic field strength leads to a decrease in microwave-plasma coupling. Next, the ion beam current for three magnetic field shapes was measured by changing the length of the central yoke. The results show that the optimum magnetic field shape depends on the mass flow rate because of the tradeoff between magnetic confinement and ionization probability. For the configurations tested, the 3 mm length central yoke is optimal for low mass flow, whereas 7 mm is the best for high mass flow. Overall, the extracted ion beam current is 21.4 mA, at a xenon mass flow rate of 0.036 mg/s, beam voltage of 1500 V, and incident microwave power of 16 W. © 2007 American Institute of Physics.

    DOI: 10.1063/1.2822456

    Scopus

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  • Development of electron emitting film for spacecraft charging mitigation 査読有り

    Iwata M., Igawa H., Sanmaru Y., Masui H., Toyoda K., Cho M., Sato T., Hatta S., Fujita T., Hisada Y.

    International Astronautical Federation - 58th International Astronautical Congress 2007   8   5225 - 5230   2007年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Electrostatic discharge on solar array is one of the primary causes of spacecraft anomalies. Such discharges occur due to anomalous surface charging, which means that parts of the dielectric surface on a satellite have different potential from the satellite body potential. Therefore, by preventing to making the potential of the spacecraft negative, we can avoid the discharges on solar array. In this paper, we present the mitigation strategy of spacecraft negative charging via electron emitting film. The electron emission device emits electrons from the spacecraft structure via field emission. The electron emission device prevents the spacecraft potential from falling negative. We have evaluated the mitigation performance of the device and confirmed that the field emission device mitigates the negative charging. Copyright IAF/IAA. All rights reserved.

    Scopus

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  • 宇宙用シリコン太陽電池の放電による電気性能劣化 査読有り

    奥村哲平, 増井博一, 豊田和弘, 今泉充, 趙孟佑

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集   2007年12月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Effects of Magnetic Field Configuration on Thrust Performance in A Miniature Microwave Discharge Ion Thruster 査読有り

    N. Yamamoto, S. Kondo, T. Chikaoka, H. Masui, H. Nakashima

    Journal of Applied Physics   2007年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • 均一・高密度プラズマ生成アンテナを用いたマイクロ波放電型イオンスラスタの高性能化 査読有り

    山本直嗣, 三好誠,増井博一,宮本尚使, 宗貞伸孝, 中島秀紀

    日本航空宇宙学会論文集   2007年11月

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    記述言語:日本語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Laboratory test campaign for ISO standardization of solar array ESD test methods 査読有り

    Masui H., Kitamura T., Okumura T., Toyoda K., Cho M.

    Collection of Technical Papers - 45th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting   5   3446 - 3453   2007年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    An electrostatic discharge (ESD) on a solar array causes a serious damage for a satellite. The effective ground test is required to ensure a safety of the satellite. To establish the ground test method, an international project is being proceeding by Japan, Europe and US. In the project three types of test coupons are used for verification of plasma propagation, degradation of cell and occurrence of secondary arc, respectively. This paper introduces ESD test methods, experimental systems and experimental results in Kyushu Institute of Technology of Japan.

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  • Analysis of electron and microwave behavior in microwave discharge neutralizer 査読有り

    Masui H., Tashiro Y., Yamamoto N., Nakashima H., Funaki I.

    Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences   49 ( 164 )   87 - 93   2006年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    In the MUCES-C mission conducted by JAXA (Japan Aero Exploration Agency), a microwave neutralizer is mounted with a microwave ion engine on the HAYABUSA space probe. The neutralizer consists of an L-shaped antenna to inject microwaves and samarium cobalt magnets to provide ECR (electron cyclotron resonance). Plasma production of a higher density than the cutoff density is expected in the discharge chamber, but the neutralizer is so small that high-precision measurements using a probe are difficult. To clarify the plasma production mechanism in the microwave neutralizer, numerical analysis was conducted using u code coupling PIC (particle-in-cell) method, and a FDTD (finite-difference-time-domain) method. This paper describes effects caused by varying magnetic field configuration and antenna position in the neutralizer. The calculation results show that bringing the antenna closer to the ECR region is effective for plasma production. © 2006 The Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences.

    DOI: 10.2322/tjsass.49.87

    Scopus

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  • Magnetic field design in miniature microwave discharge ion engines 査読有り

    Yamamoto N., Chikaoka T., Kondo S., Masui H., Nakashima H., Yoshiyuki T.

    Collection of Technical Papers - AIAA/ASME/SAE/ASEE 42nd Joint Propulsion Conference   10   8172 - 8178   2006年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    The effect of magnetic field configuration on thrust performance in a 30 W class miniature microwave discharge ion engine was investigated with the objective of improving its thrust performance. The ion beam current with various magnitude of magnetic field was measured, since magnetic confinement and microwave - plasma coupling could be affected by the magnetic field configuration. The ion beam current is increased with the increase in the number of magnets and there is an optimum magnitude of magnetic field. The thrust performance of the miniature microwave discharge ion engine, propellant utilization, and ion beam production cost were 0.67 and 660 W/A, respectively at mass flow rate =0.02 mg/s, and incident microwave power= 8 W.

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  • Performance test of micro ion thruster using microwave discharge 査読有り

    Takao Y., Kataharada H., Miyamoto T., Masui H., Yamamoto N., Nakashima H.

    Vacuum   80 ( 11-12 )   1239 - 1243   2006年09月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    Several types of electric propulsions have been developed and used for artificial satellites on geostationary orbit keeping or planetary exploration. A series of small-scale satellites is recently expected to be used instead of traditional large-scale satellites for reducing launch cost and risk. The trend towards needs of small spacecraft requires micro thrusters with high specific impulse. In this study, a micro ion engine utilizing a microwave discharge plasma was fabricated and was tested. This ion engine comprises some components, such as electrostatic grids, antenna, and microwave power supply, which decide its performance. The performance dependence on the components was examined under several experimental conditions. The typical performance parameters of the engine were ion production cost of 770 V, propellant utilization efficiency of 72%, and thrust of 0.66 mN in conditions of input 2.45 GHz microwave power of 8 W and propellant (xenon gas) flow rate of 0.2 sccm with a star type antenna. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2006.01.071

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  • Analysis of Electron and Microwave Behaviors in Microwave Discharge Neutralizer 査読有り

    H. Masui, Y. Tashiro, N. Yamamoto, H. Nakashima, I. Funaki

    Transactions of the Japan Society for Aeronautical and Space Sciences   2006年08月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Antenna configuration effects on thrust performance of miniature microwave discharge ion engine 査読有り

    Yamamoto N., Masui H., Kataharada H., Nakashima H., Takao Y.

    Journal of Propulsion and Power   22 ( 4 )   925 - 928   2006年07月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    The effects of antenna configuration on the thrust performance of a 30-W-class miniature microwave discharge ion engine were investigated. The ion beam currents were measured for three different antenna configurations such as disc, star, and cross antennas. The ion beam current of the star antenna was the largest among the three configurations and that of the disc antenna was the smallest. The effect of good coupling with plasma exceeded the effect of large losses on the antenna surface under low mass flow rate with low plasma density. The effect of large losses on the antenna surface also exceeded the effect of good coupling with plasma under high mass flow rate. The results showed that the optimum antenna shape depends on the desired mass flow level due to the tradeoff between microwave plasma coupling efficiency and surface-area recombination. It was also found that the disc antenna was the best at low mass flow rate and the star antenna was the best at high mass flow rate.

    DOI: 10.2514/1.18833

    Scopus

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  • Antenna Configuration Effects on Thrust Performance of Miniature Microwave Discharge Ion Engine 査読有り

    N. Yamamoto, H. Masui, H. Kataharada, Y. Takao and H. Nakashima

    Journal of Propulsion and Power   2006年06月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Numerical analysis of microwave ion engine using electromagnetic particle code 査読有り

    Masui H., Tanoue T., Nakashima H., Funaki I.

    Thin Solid Films   506-507   609 - 612   2006年05月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

    A simulation code has been developed for analyzing plasma behavior and microwave propagation in a microwave ion engine. The code consists of PIC (particle-in-cell) method and FDTD (finite-difference-time-domain) method. In the present study, 10-cm-class microwave ion engine developed by the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) is adopted as a calculation model. The microwave propagations in the discharge chamber are compared under boundary conditions such as absorption and reflection. In the calculation with plasma, effect of boundary condition on electron energy is investigated. As a result, it is found that increase of electron energy is larger for reflection boundary condition than absorption one. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2005.08.046

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  • Numerical Analysis of Microwave Ion Engine Using Electromagnetic Particle Code 査読有り

    H.Masui, Y. Tashiro, N. Yamamoto, H. Nakashima and I. Funaki

    Thin Solid Films   2006年05月

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    担当区分:責任著者   記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(学術雑誌)

  • Electromagnetic field analysis for microwave discharge ion engine using multi mono-poles antenna system 査読有り

    Izumi K., Masui H., Shinyashiki K., Yamamoto N., Nakashima H.

    International Astronautical Federation - 56th International Astronautical Congress 2005   7   4703 - 4707   2005年12月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    We report here on an optimal configuration of antennas using multi mono-pole systems. In order to optimize the position and length of antenna, the transmission efficiency are analyzed by finite difference time domain (FDTD) method, which is known for its usefulness and simplicity to calculate to electromagnetic field. The relation between the antenna length and transmission efficiency was investigated. First this report shows that experimental data up to now. Then the microwave transmission is calculated by using poynting vector. When transmission value of microwave is calculated, we varied the parameters such as antenna length, yoke length and number of antennas respectively. Finally, we obtain on guiding design principle of ion engines by comparing experimental data and numerical calculation conclusions.

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  • Development of small-scale microwave discharge ion thruster 査読有り

    Takao Y., Masui H., Miyamoto T., Kataharada H., Ijiri H., Nakashima H.

    Vacuum   73 ( 3-4 )   449 - 454   2004年04月

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    記述言語:英語   掲載種別:研究論文(国際会議プロシーディングス)

    Study of a small-scale ion engine (diameter of 2.5 cm, input microwave power up to 25 W) utilizing microwave-discharged plasma for space propulsion is reported. The ion extraction tests are conducted under several conditions such as the input microwave power range of 15-25 W, the Ar gas (as propellant) flow rate range of 1.5-3.5 sccm, and two types of antenna shape (L-type or disk antenna). In the tests, ion beam currents and distributions of ion beam current density are measured. As a result, maximum ion current of 8.2 mA is attained at input power of 25 W and Ar gas flow rate of 3.15 sccm with the L-type antenna. Ion production cost and propellant utilization efficiency are estimated from the ion current measurements to examine performances of the thruster. The plasma parameter measurements of electron temperature and density in the plasma source are also carried out. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    DOI: 10.1016/j.vacuum.2003.12.066

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担当授業科目(学内)

  • 2021年度   宇宙工学実験

  • 2021年度   宇宙工学PBL

  • 2021年度   宇宙システム環境

  • 2020年度   宇宙システム環境

  • 2020年度   宇宙工学実験

  • 2020年度   宇宙工学PBL

  • 2019年度   宇宙システム環境

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